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Role: Documentation
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Class: Easy PHP RSA Library
RSA data encryption and decryption using phpseclib
Author: By
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Date: 3 years ago
Size: 3,228 bytes


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Simple and Secure Wrapper for phpseclib.


For better security, you want to use libsodium, not EasyRSA.


Although the long-term security of RSA is questionable (at best) given the advances in index calculus attacks, there are many issues with how RSA is implemented in popular PHP cryptography libraries that make it vulnerable to attacks today.

Thanks to the folks who developed phpseclib, it's possible to use secure RSA in PHP. However, it's not user-friendly enough for the average PHP developer to use to its full potential. So we took it upon ourselves to offer a user-friendly interface instead.

EasyRSA is MIT licensed and brought to you by the secure PHP development team at Paragon Initiative Enterprises.

How to use this library?

composer require paragonie/easyrsa

Generating RSA key pairs

You can generate 2048-bit keys (or larger) using EasyRSA. The default size is 2048.

use ParagonIE\EasyRSA\KeyPair;

$keyPair = KeyPair::generateKeyPair(4096);

$secretKey = $keyPair->getPrivateKey();
$publicKey = $keyPair->getPublicKey();

Getting the Raw Key

/ @var \ParagonIE\EasyRSA\PublicKey $publicKey */

Encrypting/Decrypting a Message

use ParagonIE\EasyRSA\EasyRSA;

$message = "test";
/ @var \ParagonIE\EasyRSA\PublicKey $publicKey */
/ @var \ParagonIE\EasyRSA\PrivateKey $secretKey */

$ciphertext = EasyRSA::encrypt($message, $publicKey);

$plaintext = EasyRSA::decrypt($ciphertext, $secretKey);

Signing/Verifying a Message

use ParagonIE\EasyRSA\EasyRSA;

$message = "test";
/ @var \ParagonIE\EasyRSA\PublicKey $publicKey */
/ @var \ParagonIE\EasyRSA\PrivateKey $secretKey */

$signature = EasyRSA::sign($message, $secretKey);

if (EasyRSA::verify($message, $signature, $publicKey)) {
    // Signature is valid!


EasyRSA is only compatible with itself. It is not compatible with OpenGPG (GnuPG, Mailvelope, etc.) You'll want GPG-Mailer instead.

What Does it Do Under the Hood?

  • Encryption (KEM+DEM) * Generates an random secret value * Encrypts the random secret value with your RSA public key, using PHPSecLib (RSAES-OAEP + MGF1-SHA256) * Derives an encryption key from the secret value and its RSA-encrypted ciphertext, using HMAC-SHA256. * Encrypts your plaintext message using defuse/php-encryption (authenticated symmetric-key encryption) * Calculates a checksum of both encrypted values (and a version tag)
  • Authentication * Signs a message using PHPSecLib (RSASS-PSS + MGF1-SHA256)

Support Contracts

If your company uses this library in their products or services, you may be interested in purchasing a support contract from Paragon Initiative Enterprises.